Using Composition Animations in your #uwp app

As we speak a new version of Daily Mail Online is being published to store. I am not going to discuss the content rather stick with code.

I have been testing staged rollout for a week now and that gave me valuable insights. I got errors I could not have reproduced myself. However all this time I was using UWPCommunityToolkit animations – Fade and Offset. Testing out nightly builds post 1.2 release I noticed that the app start time would significantly spiral with initial load taking over 20 seconds. The toolkit animations whilst providing a simple API on the surface are very extensive underneath and talking to folks I decided to create a custom set.

I have in snippet below two border controls

Border b = item.FindDescendantByName("ChannelBackground") as Border;
Border separator = item.FindDescendantByName("ChannelSeparator") as Border;

using toolkit extensions I did

b.Offset(offsetY: -65, duration: animationduration).Start();
separator.Fade(1, animationduration).Start();

so after a big round of search and copy pasting code from around the net, I finally had my own set. To make the change easier, I decided to use different method names so I could test individual bits without affecting it all.

b.AnimateOffsetY(-65, animationduration);
separator.AnimateOpacity(1, animationduration);

One thing that caught me off guard. To not show separator when XAML loads, I set Opacity to 0. With opacity to set, Composition API could not change its opacity any longer. As a fallback I use Storyboard and they seem to work just fine. Took me a while to figure out so now you will notice that in animation extensions, I check UIElement opacity and set it to 1 if it is zero.

Here is the animation extensions.

public static class AnimationExtensions
{
    public static bool UseCompositionAnimations => ApiInformation.IsApiContractPresent("Windows.Foundation.UniversalApiContract", 2); // SDK >= 10586

    public static void AnimateOpacity(this UIElement element, float value, double duration = 150)
    {
        if (UseCompositionAnimations)
        {
            if (element.Opacity == 0) // composition animations doesn't have any effect if it is zero
            {
                element.Opacity = 1;
            }
                
            var xamlVisual = ElementCompositionPreview.GetElementVisual(element);

            if (duration <= 0)
            {
                xamlVisual.Opacity = value;
                return;
            }

            var compositor = xamlVisual.Compositor;

            var animation = compositor.CreateScalarKeyFrameAnimation();
                
            animation.Duration = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(duration);
            animation.DelayTime = TimeSpan.Zero;
            animation.InsertKeyFrame(1f, value);

            xamlVisual.StartAnimation("Opacity", animation);
        }
        else
        {
            if (duration <= 0)
            {
                element.Opacity = value;
                return;
            }

            AnimateDoubleProperty(element, "Opacity", value, duration);
        }
    }

    public static void AnimateOffsetY(this UIElement element, float value, double duration = 150)
    {
        if (UseCompositionAnimations)
        {
            var xamlVisual = ElementCompositionPreview.GetElementVisual(element);

            var offsetVector = new Vector3(0, value, 0);

            if (duration <= 0)
            {
                xamlVisual.Offset = offsetVector;
                return;
            }

            var compositor = xamlVisual.Compositor;

            var animation = compositor.CreateVector3KeyFrameAnimation();

            animation.Duration = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(duration);
            animation.DelayTime = TimeSpan.Zero;
            animation.InsertKeyFrame(1f, offsetVector);

            xamlVisual.StartAnimation("Offset", animation);
        }
        else
        {
            var transform = GetAttachedCompositeTransform(element);

            if (duration <= 0)
            {
                transform.TranslateY = value;
                return;
            }

            string path = GetAnimationPath(transform, element, "TranslateY");

            AnimateDoubleProperty(element, path, value, duration);
        }
    }

    private static string GetAnimationPath(CompositeTransform transform, UIElement element, string property)
    {
        if (element.RenderTransform == transform)
        {
            return $"(UIElement.RenderTransform).(CompositeTransform.{property})";
        }

        var group = element.RenderTransform as TransformGroup;

        if (group == null)
        {
            return string.Empty;
        }

        for (var index = 0; index < group.Children.Count; index++)
        {
            if (group.Children[index] == transform)
            {
                return $"(UIElement.RenderTransform).(TransformGroup.Children)[{index}].(CompositeTransform.{property})";
            }
        }

        return string.Empty;
    }

    private static CompositeTransform GetAttachedCompositeTransform(UIElement element)
    {
        CompositeTransform compositeTransform = null;

        if (element.RenderTransform != null)
        {
            compositeTransform = element.RenderTransform as CompositeTransform;
        }

        if (compositeTransform == null)
        {
            compositeTransform = new CompositeTransform();
            element.RenderTransform = compositeTransform;
        }

        return compositeTransform;
    }

    private static Storyboard AnimateDoubleProperty(
        this DependencyObject target,
        string property,
        double to,
        double duration = 250,
        EasingFunctionBase easingFunction = null)
    {

        var storyboard = new Storyboard();
        var animation = new DoubleAnimation
        {
            To = to,
            Duration = TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(duration),
            EasingFunction = easingFunction ?? new SineEase(),
            FillBehavior = FillBehavior.HoldEnd,
            EnableDependentAnimation = true
        };

        Storyboard.SetTarget(animation, target);
        Storyboard.SetTargetProperty(animation, property);

        storyboard.Children.Add(animation);
        storyboard.FillBehavior = FillBehavior.HoldEnd;
        storyboard.Begin();

        return storyboard;
    }
}

These are very lightweight animations. If you encounter weird slow downs, maybe consider rolling out your own animation extensions like above. Happy coding

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More on #UWPCommunityToolkit CacheBase #uwpdev

In the first version of UWP Community Toolkit, we only had ImageCache which had its origin in Windows App Studio. A few issues were raised to optimise it and one mentioned extensible cache that can be used to create any case.

FileCache, ImageCache, VideoCache, JsonCache.. you name it.. Yesterday I mentioned CacheBase. FileCache and ImageCache that ship with UWP Community Toolkit are implementations of CacheBase by giving it a specific type.

Today I had to implement ability to pull configuration settings from our server. I tried using current prod version of FileCache but my implementation was somewhat wrong there. It would try to create File from Stream and return null and then fail internally (fixed in current dev branch) however I needed something today. Enter ConfigCache.. well JsonCache really

public class ConfigCache : CacheBase<ConfigurationSetting>
{
    JsonSerializer jsonSerializer = new JsonSerializer();

    /// <summary>
    /// Private singleton field.
    /// </summary>
    private static ConfigCache _instance;

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets public singleton property.
    /// </summary>
    public static ConfigCache Instance => _instance ?? (_instance = new ConfigCache() { MaintainContext = false });

    protected override async Task<ConfigurationSetting> InitializeTypeAsync(StorageFile baseFile)
    {
        using (var stream = await baseFile.OpenStreamForReadAsync())
        {
            return InitializeTypeAsync(stream);
        }
    }

    protected override Task<ConfigurationSetting> InitializeTypeAsync(IRandomAccessStream stream)
    {
        var config = InitializeTypeAsync(stream.AsStream());
        return Task.FromResult<ConfigurationSetting>(config);
    }

    private ConfigurationSetting InitializeTypeAsync(Stream stream)
    {
        var reader = new StreamReader(stream);

        using (var jsonReader = new JsonTextReader(reader))
        {
            return jsonSerializer.Deserialize<ConfigurationSetting>(jsonReader);
        }
    }
}

In this case I am using a specific type to deserialise json to. How do I use it ?

ConfigCache.Instance.CacheDuration = TimeSpan.FromDays(1);

this.ConfigurationSettings = await ConfigCache.Instance.GetFromCacheAsync(new Uri(urlPath));

This would ensure that if configuration is older than a day, it will be downloaded again. Either way the caller will get deserialised data.

VideoCache #uwp #uwpdev

Earlier today (10 mins ago), we were discussing looping animated previews (rolling video frames) for articles and that maybe we should create a cache to prevent it being downloaded over and over again.

Back in UWP Community Toolkit, we created a CacheBase – a generic base implementation of Cache. This can be used to create just about any type of data cache.

This CacheBase was then used to implement ImageCache and finally FileCache just to show it can be done with other types too. So this is what I did.

public class VideoCache : CacheBase<MediaSource>
{
    /// <summary>
    /// Private singleton field.
    /// </summary>
    private static VideoCache _instance;

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets public singleton property.
    /// </summary>
    public static VideoCache Instance => _instance ?? (_instance = new VideoCache() { MaintainContext = true });

    protected override Task<MediaSource> InitializeTypeAsync(StorageFile baseFile)
    {
        return Task.Run(() => MediaSource.CreateFromStorageFile(baseFile));
    }

    protected override Task<MediaSource> InitializeTypeAsync(IRandomAccessStream stream)
    {
        return Task.Run(() => MediaSource.CreateFromStream(stream, "video/mp4"));
    }
}

Previously in my video player (see my previous blog post), I created a MediaSource from Uri.. now this to use the Cache

//MediaSource mediaSource = MediaSource.CreateFromUri(this.Video.Uri);
MediaSource mediaSource = await VideoCache.Instance.GetFromCacheAsync(this.Video.Uri);

Now the animated previews are not only cached and reused but they are also available offline.

To ensure that you do not build a large set, always make sure you set CacheDuration and remove expired items.

// somewhere in your App.xaml.cs
VideoCache.Instance.CacheDuration = TimeSpan.FromDays(1);

elsewhere in your cleanup code

await VideoCache.Instance.RemoveExpiredAsync();

Took me about 2 mins to roll out and get it running.

Media playback controls and strange behaviour of transport controls #uwp

Windows 10 WinRT API introduced ability to query whether a certain class, method, property etc were supported during run-time or not. This would allow applications to conditionally do things rather than crashing out due to unsupported API.

Since the initial release, many APIs have been introduced, Composition layer has seen many enhancements. Controls like MediaElementPlayer which return the load on UI thread by directly targeting GPU have been introduced. Prior to that developers used MediaElement control that was introduced in Windows 8 / Windows Phone 8.1 and was included in UWP API 10.0.10240.0. To take advantage of better performing control on updated devices, we need to use newer control.

private bool UseMediaPlayerElement => ApiInformation.IsTypePresent("Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.MediaPlayerElement");

At this point we know whether we can use MediaElementPlayer or we need to fallback to MediaElement. Following the guidelines provided by Microsoft to an extent, I created a user control that dynamically injects the right control

public sealed partial class VideoPlayerUC : UserControl
{
    FrameworkElement mediaControl = null;

    private bool UseMediaPlayerElement => 
        ApiInformation.IsTypePresent("Windows.UI.Xaml.Controls.MediaPlayerElement");

    public VideoPlayerUC()
    {
        this.InitializeComponent();
            
        if (this.UseMediaPlayerElement)
        {
            mediaControl = new MediaPlayerElement();
        }
        else
        {
            mediaControl = new MediaElement();
        }

        this.Root.Children.Add(mediaControl);
    }

    public Video Video
    {
        get { return (Video)GetValue(VideoProperty); }
        set { SetValue(VideoProperty, value); }
    }

    // Using a DependencyProperty as the backing store for Video.  This enables animation, styling, binding, etc...
    public static readonly DependencyProperty VideoProperty =
        DependencyProperty.Register("Video", 
        typeof(Video), 
        typeof(VideoPlayerUC), 
        new PropertyMetadata(null, OnVideoChanged));

    private static void OnVideoChanged(DependencyObject d, DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        var control = d as VideoPlayerUC;
        control?.HandleVideoChange();
    }

    private void HandleVideoChange()
    {
        if (this.Video == null)
        {
            return;
        }

        MediaSource mediaSource = MediaSource.CreateFromUri(this.Video.Uri);

        MediaPlaybackItem playbackItem = new MediaPlaybackItem(mediaSource);

        if (this.UseMediaPlayerElement)
        {
            var mpe = mediaControl as MediaPlayerElement;

            mpe.Stretch = Stretch.Uniform;
            mpe.AreTransportControlsEnabled = this.Video.ShowControls;
            mpe.Source = playbackItem;
            mpe.PosterSource = new BitmapImage() { UriSource = this.Video.Images.Still.Uri };
            mpe.AutoPlay = Video.AutoPlay;

            if (mpe.MediaPlayer != null)
            {
                mpe.MediaPlayer.IsLoopingEnabled = Video.IsLooping;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            var me = mediaControl as MediaElement;

            me.Stretch = Stretch.Uniform;
            me.AreTransportControlsEnabled = this.Video.ShowControls;
            me.SetPlaybackSource(playbackItem);
            me.PosterSource = new BitmapImage() { UriSource = this.Video.Images.Still.Uri };
            me.AutoPlay = Video.AutoPlay;
            me.IsLooping = Video.IsLooping;
        }
    }
}

what I however noticed was that the playback controls (aptly called Transport controls) were very flaky.. Here’s an example.. they’d work some times and not at other times (read most of the times)

I was really baffled by this behaviour.. I reworked the user control a few times. I moved to using PlayerFramework but its styling is Windows 8 and that was rather annoying trying to style.

So I decided to try creating custom transport controls. Step one I created a custom template control that just derived from MediaTransportControls

public sealed class VideoControls : MediaTransportControls
{
    public VideoControls()
    {
        this.DefaultStyleKey = typeof(VideoControls);
    }
}

Set the XAML to default MediaTransport Style.
Now instantiate this and add that to the MediaPlayerElement / MediaElement and all was good except it was looking a bit rough. So time to style it like my design team wanted it to look. Here’s the final style

VideoControls controls = new VideoControls();

mpe.TransportControls = controls;

<Style TargetType="view:VideoControls">
    <Setter Property="IsTabStop" Value="False" />
    <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent" />
    <Setter Property="FlowDirection" Value="LeftToRight" />
    <Setter Property="UseSystemFocusVisuals" Value="True" />
    <Setter Property="IsTextScaleFactorEnabled" Value="False" />
    <Setter Property="Template">
        <Setter.Value>
            <ControlTemplate TargetType="view:VideoControls">
                <Grid x:Name="RootGrid" Background="Transparent">
                    <Grid.Resources>

                        <!-- New AppBar button style 48x48 pixels in size -->

<Style x:Key="AppBarButtonStyle" TargetType="AppBarButton">
                            <Setter Property="Width" Value="{ThemeResource MTCMediaButtonWidth}" />
                            <Setter Property="Height" Value="{ThemeResource MTCMediaButtonHeight}" />
                            <Setter Property="Background" Value="#FF919191" />
                            <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="#FFFFFFFF" />
                            <Setter Property="Template">
                                <Setter.Value>
                                    <ControlTemplate TargetType="AppBarButton">
                                        <Grid x:Name="Root" MinWidth="{TemplateBinding MinWidth}" MaxWidth="{TemplateBinding MaxWidth}" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}">
                                            <StackPanel x:Name="ContentRoot" MinHeight="{ThemeResource AppBarThemeCompactHeight}">
                                                <ContentPresenter x:Name="Content" Height="20" Margin="0,14,0,4" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" AutomationProperties.AccessibilityView="Raw" Content="{TemplateBinding Icon}" Foreground="{TemplateBinding Foreground}" />
                                                <TextBlock x:Name="TextLabel" Margin="0,0,0,6" FontFamily="{TemplateBinding FontFamily}" FontSize="12" Foreground="{TemplateBinding Foreground}" Text="{TemplateBinding Label}" TextAlignment="Center" TextWrapping="Wrap" />
                                            </StackPanel>

                                            <TextBlock x:Name="OverflowTextLabel" Margin="12,0,12,0" Padding="0,5,0,7" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalAlignment="Center" FontFamily="{TemplateBinding FontFamily}" FontSize="15" Foreground="{TemplateBinding Foreground}" Text="{TemplateBinding Label}" TextAlignment="Left" TextTrimming="Clip" TextWrapping="NoWrap" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                            <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
                                                <VisualStateGroup x:Name="ApplicationViewStates">
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="FullSize" />
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="Compact">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="TextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Collapsed" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="Overflow">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="ContentRoot" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Collapsed" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="OverflowTextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Visible" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="OverflowWithToggleButtons">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="ContentRoot" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Collapsed" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="OverflowTextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Visible" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="OverflowTextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Margin">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="38,0,12,0" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                </VisualStateGroup>
                                                <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="Normal">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <PointerUpThemeAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="OverflowTextLabel" />
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="PointerOver">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Root" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="#FF616161" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Content" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="#FFFFFFFF" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="TextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightAltBaseHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="OverflowTextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightAltBaseHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <PointerUpThemeAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="OverflowTextLabel" />
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="Pressed">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Root" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightListMediumBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Content" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightAltBaseHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="TextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightAltBaseHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="OverflowTextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightAltBaseHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <PointerDownThemeAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="OverflowTextLabel" />
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Content" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledBaseMediumLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="TextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledBaseMediumLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="OverflowTextLabel" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledBaseMediumLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                </VisualStateGroup>
                                                <VisualStateGroup x:Name="InputModeStates">
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="InputModeDefault" />
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="TouchInputMode">
                                                        <VisualState.Setters>
                                                            <Setter Target="OverflowTextLabel.Padding" Value="0,11,0,13" />
                                                        </VisualState.Setters>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                </VisualStateGroup>
                                            </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
                                        </Grid>
                                    </ControlTemplate>
                                </Setter.Value>
                            </Setter>
                        </Style>


                        <!-- New CommandBar Style -->

<Style x:Key="CommandBarStyle" TargetType="CommandBar">
                            <Setter Property="Height" Value="{ThemeResource MTCMediaButtonHeight}" />
                            <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent" />
                        </Style>


                        <!-- Style for Error Message text -->

<Style x:Key="MediaTextBlockStyle" TargetType="TextBlock">
                            <Setter Property="VerticalAlignment" Value="Center" />
                            <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundBaseHighBrush}" />
                            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="{ThemeResource MTCMediaFontSize}" />
                            <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="{ThemeResource MTCMediaFontFamily}" />
                            <Setter Property="IsTextScaleFactorEnabled" Value="False" />
                        </Style>



                        <!-- Style for Position slider used in Media Transport Controls -->

<Style x:Key="MediaSliderStyle" TargetType="Slider">
                            <Setter Property="Background" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundBaseMediumLowBrush}" />
                            <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="{ThemeResource SliderBorderThemeThickness}" />
                            <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightAccentBrush}" />
                            <Setter Property="FontFamily" Value="{ThemeResource ContentControlThemeFontFamily}" />
                            <Setter Property="FontSize" Value="{ThemeResource ControlContentThemeFontSize}" />
                            <Setter Property="ManipulationMode" Value="None" />
                            <Setter Property="UseSystemFocusVisuals" Value="True" />
                            <Setter Property="Template">
                                <Setter.Value>
                                    <ControlTemplate TargetType="Slider">
                                        <Grid Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}">
                                            <Grid.Resources>

<Style x:Key="SliderThumbStyle" TargetType="Thumb">
                                                    <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="0" />
                                                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundAccentBrush}" />
                                                    <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlBackgroundChromeMediumBrush}" />
                                                    <Setter Property="Template">
                                                        <Setter.Value>
                                                            <ControlTemplate TargetType="Thumb">
                                                                <Ellipse x:Name="ellipse" Fill="{TemplateBinding Foreground}" Stroke="{TemplateBinding Background}" StrokeThickness="2" />
                                                            </ControlTemplate>
                                                        </Setter.Value>
                                                    </Setter>
                                                </Style>


<Style x:Key="MediaSliderProgressBarStyle" TargetType="ProgressBar">
                                                    <Setter Property="Height" Value="{ThemeResource SliderTrackThemeHeight}" />
                                                    <Setter Property="Minimum" Value="0" />
                                                    <Setter Property="Maximum" Value="100" />
                                                    <Setter Property="Foreground" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightChromeAltLowBrush}" />
                                                    <Setter Property="Background" Value="Transparent" />
                                                    <Setter Property="BorderBrush" Value="Transparent" />
                                                    <Setter Property="BorderThickness" Value="1" />
                                                </Style>

                                            </Grid.Resources>
                                            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                                <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                                                <RowDefinition Height="*" />
                                            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                            <ContentPresenter x:Name="HeaderContentPresenter" Margin="{ThemeResource SliderHeaderThemeMargin}" x:DeferLoadStrategy="Lazy" Content="{TemplateBinding Header}" ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding HeaderTemplate}" FontWeight="{ThemeResource SliderHeaderThemeFontWeight}" Foreground="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundBaseHighBrush}" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                            <Grid x:Name="SliderContainer" Grid.Row="1" Background="Transparent" Control.IsTemplateFocusTarget="True">
                                                <Grid x:Name="HorizontalTemplate" MinHeight="44">
                                                    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
                                                    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                                    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                                        <RowDefinition Height="18" />
                                                        <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                                                        <RowDefinition Height="18" />
                                                    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                                    <Rectangle x:Name="HorizontalTrackRect" Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="3" Height="{ThemeResource SliderTrackThemeHeight}" Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" />
                                                    <ProgressBar x:Name="DownloadProgressIndicator" Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="3" HorizontalAlignment="Stretch" VerticalAlignment="Center" Style="{StaticResource MediaSliderProgressBarStyle}" />
                                                    <Rectangle x:Name="HorizontalDecreaseRect" Grid.Row="1" Fill="{TemplateBinding Foreground}" />
                                                    <TickBar x:Name="TopTickBar" Grid.ColumnSpan="3" Height="{ThemeResource SliderOutsideTickBarThemeHeight}" Margin="0,0,0,4" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" Fill="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundBaseMediumLowBrush}" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                                    <TickBar x:Name="HorizontalInlineTickBar" Grid.Row="1" Grid.ColumnSpan="3" Height="{ThemeResource SliderTrackThemeHeight}" Fill="{ThemeResource SystemControlBackgroundAltHighBrush}" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                                    <TickBar x:Name="BottomTickBar" Grid.Row="2" Grid.ColumnSpan="3" Height="{ThemeResource SliderOutsideTickBarThemeHeight}" Margin="0,4,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top" Fill="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundBaseMediumLowBrush}" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                                    <Thumb x:Name="HorizontalThumb" Grid.Row="0" Grid.RowSpan="3" Grid.Column="1" Width="24" Height="24" AutomationProperties.AccessibilityView="Raw" Background="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundAccentBrush}" DataContext="{TemplateBinding Value}" Style="{StaticResource SliderThumbStyle}" />
                                                </Grid>

                                                <Grid x:Name="VerticalTemplate" MinWidth="44" Visibility="Collapsed">
                                                    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                                        <RowDefinition Height="*" />
                                                        <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                                                        <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                                                    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                                    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="18" />
                                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                                                        <ColumnDefinition Width="18" />
                                                    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                                    <Rectangle x:Name="VerticalTrackRect" Grid.RowSpan="3" Grid.Column="1" Width="{ThemeResource SliderTrackThemeHeight}" Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" />
                                                    <Rectangle x:Name="VerticalDecreaseRect" Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="1" Fill="{TemplateBinding Foreground}" />
                                                    <TickBar x:Name="LeftTickBar" Grid.RowSpan="3" Width="{ThemeResource SliderOutsideTickBarThemeHeight}" Margin="0,0,4,0" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Fill="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundBaseMediumLowBrush}" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                                    <TickBar x:Name="VerticalInlineTickBar" Grid.RowSpan="3" Grid.Column="1" Width="{ThemeResource SliderTrackThemeHeight}" Fill="{ThemeResource SystemControlBackgroundAltHighBrush}" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                                    <TickBar x:Name="RightTickBar" Grid.RowSpan="3" Grid.Column="2" Width="{ThemeResource SliderOutsideTickBarThemeHeight}" Margin="4,0,0,0" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Fill="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundBaseMediumLowBrush}" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                                    <Thumb x:Name="VerticalThumb" Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="0" Grid.ColumnSpan="3" Width="8" Height="24" AutomationProperties.AccessibilityView="Raw" Background="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundAccentBrush}" DataContext="{TemplateBinding Value}" Style="{StaticResource SliderThumbStyle}" />
                                                </Grid>
                                            </Grid>
                                            <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
                                                <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="Pressed">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="HorizontalThumb" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundAccentBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="VerticalThumb" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundAccentBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="HorizontalThumb" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundAccentBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="VerticalThumb" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundAccentBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="HeaderContentPresenter" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Foreground">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledBaseLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="HorizontalDecreaseRect" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledChromeDisabledHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="HorizontalTrackRect" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledChromeDisabledHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="VerticalDecreaseRect" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledChromeDisabledHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="VerticalTrackRect" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledChromeDisabledHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="HorizontalThumb" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledChromeDisabledHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="VerticalThumb" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledChromeDisabledHighBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="TopTickBar" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledBaseLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="BottomTickBar" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledBaseLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="LeftTickBar" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledBaseLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="RightTickBar" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlDisabledBaseLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                    <VisualState x:Name="PointerOver">
                                                        <Storyboard>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="HorizontalTrackRect" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundBaseMediumBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="VerticalTrackRect" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Fill">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundBaseMediumBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="HorizontalThumb" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightChromeAltLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                            <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="VerticalThumb" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Background">
                                                                <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlHighlightChromeAltLowBrush}" />
                                                            </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                                        </Storyboard>
                                                    </VisualState>
                                                </VisualStateGroup>
                                            </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
                                        </Grid>
                                    </ControlTemplate>
                                </Setter.Value>
                            </Setter>
                        </Style>


                        <!-- Style for Volume Flyout used in Media Transport Controls -->

<Style x:Key="FlyoutStyle" TargetType="FlyoutPresenter">
                            <Setter Property="Background" Value="{ThemeResource SystemControlBackgroundChromeMediumBrush}" />
                            <Setter Property="Padding" Value="0" />
                        </Style>


                    </Grid.Resources>

                    <Border x:Name="ControlPanel_ControlPanelVisibilityStates_Border">
                        <Grid x:Name="ControlPanelGrid" VerticalAlignment="Bottom" Background="Transparent" RenderTransformOrigin="0.5,0.5">
                            <Grid.RenderTransform>
                                <TranslateTransform />
                            </Grid.RenderTransform>
                            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                                <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
                                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                                <RowDefinition Height="*" />
                                <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                            <Border x:Name="ErrorBorder" Grid.ColumnSpan="3" Width="320" Height="96" HorizontalAlignment="Center" Background="{ThemeResource SystemControlBackgroundChromeMediumBrush}" Visibility="Collapsed">
                                <TextBlock x:Name="ErrorTextBlock" Margin="12" Style="{StaticResource MediaTextBlockStyle}" TextWrapping="WrapWholeWords" />
                            </Border>
                            <Border x:Name="MediaTransportControls_Timeline_Border" Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="1" Background="Transparent">
                                <Grid x:Name="MediaTransportControls_Timeline_Grid">
                                    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                        <ColumnDefinition />
                                    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                                    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                        <RowDefinition />
                                        <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                                    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                                    <Slider x:Name="ProgressSlider" Height="33" MinWidth="80" Margin="12,0" VerticalAlignment="Center" IsThumbToolTipEnabled="False" Style="{StaticResource MediaSliderStyle}" />
                                    <ProgressBar x:Name="BufferingProgressBar" Height="4" Margin="0,2,0,0" VerticalAlignment="Top" IsHitTestVisible="False" IsIndeterminate="True" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                    <Grid x:Name="TimeTextGrid" Grid.Row="1" Height="15" Margin="12,0">
                                        <TextBlock x:Name="TimeElapsedElement" Margin="0" HorizontalAlignment="Left" Style="{StaticResource MediaTextBlockStyle}" Text="00:00" />
                                        <TextBlock x:Name="TimeRemainingElement" HorizontalAlignment="Right" Style="{StaticResource MediaTextBlockStyle}" Text="00:00" />
                                    </Grid>
                                </Grid>
                            </Border>
                            <Border x:Name="LeftSidePlayBorder" Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="0" Visibility="Collapsed">
                                <AppBarButton x:Name="PlayPauseButtonOnLeft" Margin="0" VerticalAlignment="Center" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}">
                                    <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        <SymbolIcon x:Name="PlayPauseSymbolLeft" Symbol="Play" />
                                    </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                </AppBarButton>
                            </Border>
                            <Border x:Name="MediaTransportControls_Command_Border" Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="1" HorizontalAlignment="Center">
                                <CommandBar x:Name="MediaControlsCommandBar" Margin="0,0,0,24" Style="{StaticResource CommandBarStyle}">
                                    <CommandBar.PrimaryCommands>
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="StopButton" Icon="Stop" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="1" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="RewindButton" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="2" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}" Visibility="Collapsed">
                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                <FontIcon Glyph="" />
                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        </AppBarButton>
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="CastButton" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="7" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}">
                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                <FontIcon Glyph="" />
                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        </AppBarButton>
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="ZoomButton" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="6" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}">
                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                <FontIcon Glyph="" />
                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        </AppBarButton>
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="AudioTracksSelectionButton" Icon="Character" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="5" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}" Visibility="Collapsed" />
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="PlayPauseButton" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="11" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}">
                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                <SymbolIcon x:Name="PlayPauseSymbol" Symbol="Play" />
                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        </AppBarButton>
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="CCSelectionButton" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="9" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}" Visibility="Collapsed">
                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                <FontIcon Glyph="" />
                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        </AppBarButton>
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="VolumeMuteButton" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="10" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}">
                                            <AppBarButton.Flyout>
                                                <Flyout x:Name="VolumeFlyout" FlyoutPresenterStyle="{StaticResource FlyoutStyle}">
                                                    <StackPanel Orientation="Horizontal">
                                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="AudioMuteButton" Margin="12" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}">
                                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                                <SymbolIcon x:Name="AudioMuteSymbol" Symbol="Volume" />
                                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                        </AppBarButton>
                                                        <Slider x:Name="VolumeSlider" Width="{ThemeResource MTCHorizontalVolumeSliderWidth}" Margin="0" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" IsThumbToolTipEnabled="False" Value="50" />
                                                        <TextBlock x:Name="VolumeValue" Width="24" Margin="12" HorizontalAlignment="Center" VerticalAlignment="Center" Style="{StaticResource MediaTextBlockStyle}" Text="{Binding ElementName=VolumeSlider, Path=Value}" />
                                                    </StackPanel>
                                                </Flyout>
                                            </AppBarButton.Flyout>
                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                <SymbolIcon x:Name="VolumeMuteSymbol" Symbol="Volume" />
                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        </AppBarButton>
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="FullWindowButton" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="8" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}">
                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                <SymbolIcon x:Name="FullWindowSymbol" Symbol="FullScreen" />
                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        </AppBarButton>
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="FastForwardButton" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="3" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}" Visibility="Collapsed">
                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                <FontIcon Glyph="" />
                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        </AppBarButton>
                                        <AppBarButton x:Name="PlaybackRateButton" MediaTransportControlsHelper.DropoutOrder="4" Style="{StaticResource AppBarButtonStyle}" Visibility="Collapsed">
                                            <AppBarButton.Icon>
                                                <FontIcon Glyph="" />
                                            </AppBarButton.Icon>
                                        </AppBarButton>
                                    </CommandBar.PrimaryCommands>
                                </CommandBar>
                            </Border>
                        </Grid>
                    </Border>

                    <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>

                        <!-- ControlPanel Visibility states -->
                        <VisualStateGroup x:Name="ControlPanelVisibilityStates">
                            <VisualState x:Name="ControlPanelFadeIn">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="ControlPanel_ControlPanelVisibilityStates_Border" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity">
                                        <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="0" />
                                        <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0.7" Value="1" />
                                    </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                            <VisualState x:Name="ControlPanelFadeOut">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="ControlPanel_ControlPanelVisibilityStates_Border" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity">
                                        <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="1" />
                                        <EasingDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0:0:0.7" Value="0" />
                                    </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="ControlPanel_ControlPanelVisibilityStates_Border" Storyboard.TargetProperty="IsHitTestVisible">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="False" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                        </VisualStateGroup>
                        <!-- ControlPanel Visibility states -->

                        <!-- Media state visual states -->
                        <VisualStateGroup x:Name="MediaStates">
                            <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
                            <VisualState x:Name="Buffering">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="BufferingProgressBar" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0">
                                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                                <Visibility>Visible</Visibility>
                                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                        </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame>
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                            <VisualState x:Name="Loading">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="BufferingProgressBar" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0">
                                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                                <Visibility>Visible</Visibility>
                                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                        </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame>
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                    <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="ProgressSlider" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity" To="0" Duration="0" />
                                    <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="MediaControlsCommandBar" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity" To="0" Duration="0" />
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                            <VisualState x:Name="Error">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="ErrorBorder" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0">
                                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                                <Visibility>Visible</Visibility>
                                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                        </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame>
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                            <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                                <Storyboard />
                            </VisualState>
                        </VisualStateGroup>
                        <!-- Media state visual states -->

                        <!-- Audio Selection Button visibility states -->
                        <VisualStateGroup x:Name="AudioSelectionAvailablityStates">
                            <VisualState x:Name="AudioSelectionAvailable">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="AudioTracksSelectionButton" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0">
                                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                                <Visibility>Visible</Visibility>
                                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                        </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame>
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                            <VisualState x:Name="AudioSelectionUnavailable" />
                        </VisualStateGroup>
                        <!-- Video volume visibility states -->

                        <!-- Closed Captioning Selection Button visibility states -->
                        <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CCSelectionAvailablityStates">
                            <VisualState x:Name="CCSelectionAvailable">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="CCSelectionButton" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0">
                                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                                <Visibility>Visible</Visibility>
                                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                        </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame>
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                            <VisualState x:Name="CCSelectionUnavailable" />
                        </VisualStateGroup>
                        <!-- Closed Captioning visibility states -->

                        <!-- Focus states -->
                        <VisualStateGroup x:Name="FocusStates">
                            <VisualState x:Name="Focused">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="FocusVisualWhite" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity" To="1" Duration="0" />
                                    <DoubleAnimation Storyboard.TargetName="FocusVisualBlack" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity" To="1" Duration="0" />
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                            <VisualState x:Name="Unfocused" />
                            <VisualState x:Name="PointerFocused" />
                        </VisualStateGroup>
                        <!-- Focus states -->
                        <VisualStateGroup x:Name="MediaTransportControlMode">
                            <VisualState x:Name="NormalMode" />
                            <VisualState x:Name="CompactMode">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="LeftSidePlayBorder" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Visible" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="TimeTextGrid" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Collapsed" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="MediaTransportControls_Command_Border" Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Grid.Column)">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="2" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="MediaTransportControls_Command_Border" Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Grid.Row)">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="1" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="MediaControlsCommandBar" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Margin">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="0" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PlayPauseButton" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Visibility">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0">
                                            <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                                <Visibility>Collapsed</Visibility>
                                            </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame.Value>
                                        </DiscreteObjectKeyFrame>
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                        </VisualStateGroup>

                        <!-- PlayPause states -->
                        <VisualStateGroup x:Name="PlayPauseStates">
                            <VisualState x:Name="PlayState" />
                            <VisualState x:Name="PauseState">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PlayPauseSymbolLeft" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Symbol">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Pause" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PlayPauseSymbol" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Symbol">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Pause" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                        </VisualStateGroup>
                        <!-- VolumeMute states -->
                        <VisualStateGroup x:Name="VolumeMuteStates">
                            <VisualState x:Name="VolumeState" />
                            <VisualState x:Name="MuteState">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="AudioMuteSymbol" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Symbol">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Mute" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="VolumeMuteSymbol" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Symbol">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="Mute" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                        </VisualStateGroup>
                        <!-- FullWindow states -->
                        <VisualStateGroup x:Name="FullWindowStates">
                            <VisualState x:Name="NonFullWindowState" />
                            <VisualState x:Name="FullWindowState">
                                <Storyboard>
                                    <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="FullWindowSymbol" Storyboard.TargetProperty="Symbol">
                                        <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0" Value="BackToWindow" />
                                    </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                                </Storyboard>
                            </VisualState>
                        </VisualStateGroup>
                    </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
                </Grid>
            </ControlTemplate>
        </Setter.Value>
    </Setter>
</Style>

It looks good now.

Customise Scroll Bar in #uwp

Update (20th April 2017):

Sample app with horizontal scrollbar customisation can be found at https://github.com/hermitdave/ScrollBarCustomisation

 

Controls like ListView / GridView contain a ScrollViewer which hosts scrollable content. The ScrollViewer contains two ScrollBar controls one for each scroll type (horizontal and vertical).

Getting to a control’s template can be painful.. why not just head to
Default control styles and templates and download the templates you need

If you want to do it the hard way..
You can get to control’s ScrollViewer by right clicking on it and click Edit Template > Edit a Copy
Screenshot (39)

Looking at the template you can see the ScrollViewer but there’s little you can do right now.

<ControlTemplate TargetType="ListView">
    <Border BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}" Background="{TemplateBinding Background}">
        <ScrollViewer x:Name="ScrollViewer" AutomationProperties.AccessibilityView="Raw" BringIntoViewOnFocusChange="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.BringIntoViewOnFocusChange}" HorizontalScrollMode="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollMode}" HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility}" IsHorizontalRailEnabled="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.IsHorizontalRailEnabled}" IsHorizontalScrollChainingEnabled="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.IsHorizontalScrollChainingEnabled}" IsVerticalScrollChainingEnabled="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.IsVerticalScrollChainingEnabled}" IsVerticalRailEnabled="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.IsVerticalRailEnabled}" IsDeferredScrollingEnabled="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.IsDeferredScrollingEnabled}" TabNavigation="{TemplateBinding TabNavigation}" VerticalScrollBarVisibility="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility}" VerticalScrollMode="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollMode}" ZoomMode="{TemplateBinding ScrollViewer.ZoomMode}">
            <ItemsPresenter FooterTransitions="{TemplateBinding FooterTransitions}" FooterTemplate="{TemplateBinding FooterTemplate}" Footer="{TemplateBinding Footer}" HeaderTemplate="{TemplateBinding HeaderTemplate}" Header="{TemplateBinding Header}" HeaderTransitions="{TemplateBinding HeaderTransitions}" Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}"/>
        </ScrollViewer>
    </Border>
</ControlTemplate>

You need to go and Edit the template for ScrollViewer next.
You can right click on the ListView, tap Esc key which then moves focus on ScrollViewer. Click control’s Border and right click > Edit Template > Edit a copy

<ControlTemplate TargetType="ScrollViewer">
    <Border BorderBrush="{TemplateBinding BorderBrush}" BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}">
        <Grid Background="{TemplateBinding Background}">
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="*"/>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto"/>
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                <RowDefinition Height="*"/>
                <RowDefinition Height="Auto"/>
            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <ScrollContentPresenter x:Name="ScrollContentPresenter" Grid.ColumnSpan="2" ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding ContentTemplate}" Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}" Grid.RowSpan="2"/>
            <ScrollBar x:Name="VerticalScrollBar" Grid.Column="1" HorizontalAlignment="Right" IsTabStop="False" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableHeight}" Orientation="Vertical" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{TemplateBinding VerticalOffset}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportHeight}"/>
            <ScrollBar x:Name="HorizontalScrollBar" IsTabStop="False" Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableWidth}" Orientation="Horizontal" Grid.Row="1" Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility}" Value="{TemplateBinding HorizontalOffset}" ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportWidth}"/>
            <Border x:Name="ScrollBarSeparator" Background="{ThemeResource SystemControlPageBackgroundChromeLowBrush}" Grid.Column="1" Grid.Row="1"/>
        </Grid>
    </Border>
</ControlTemplate>

In one instance I needed the ScrollBar to not render over the content. You can see that the ScrollViewer ScrollViewerPresenter has both ColSpan and RowSpan set. Just get rid of it so there is no overlay.
In Another instance I needed to customise it further. I needed Horizontal ScrollBar (to be of same height as the ListView) and I needed only the Left and Right buttons. So start by Setting ColSpan / RowSpan on ScrollBar as needed
Now lets get to ScrollBar template to customise it further.

<ControlTemplate x:Key="HorizontalIncrementTemplate" TargetType="RepeatButton">
    <Grid x:Name="Root">
        <Grid x:Name="HorizontalRoot" IsHitTestVisible="False">
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
            <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
            <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
            <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
            <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <Rectangle x:Name="HorizontalTrackRect"
                        Grid.ColumnSpan="5"
                        Margin="0"
                        StrokeThickness="{ThemeResource ScrollBarTrackBorderThemeThickness}"
                        Fill="{ThemeResource SystemControlPageBackgroundChromeLowBrush}"
                        Stroke="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundTransparentBrush}" />
            <RepeatButton x:Name="HorizontalSmallDecrease"
                        Grid.Column="0"
                        MinHeight="12"
                        IsTabStop="False"
                        Interval="50"
                        Margin="0"
                        Template="{StaticResource HorizontalDecrementTemplate}"
                        Width="12"
                        VerticalAlignment="Center" />
            <RepeatButton x:Name="HorizontalLargeDecrease"
                        Grid.Column="1"
                        HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                        VerticalAlignment="Stretch"
                        IsTabStop="False"
                        Interval="50"
                        Template="{StaticResource RepeatButtonTemplate}"
                        Width="0" />
            <Thumb x:Name="HorizontalThumb"
                        Grid.Column="2"
                        Background="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundChromeHighBrush}"
                        Template="{StaticResource HorizontalThumbTemplate}"
                        Height="12"
                        MinWidth="12"
                        AutomationProperties.AccessibilityView="Raw" />
            <RepeatButton x:Name="HorizontalLargeIncrease"
                        Grid.Column="3"
                        HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                        VerticalAlignment="Stretch"
                        IsTabStop="False"
                        Interval="50"
                        Template="{StaticResource RepeatButtonTemplate}" />
            <RepeatButton x:Name="HorizontalSmallIncrease"
                        Grid.Column="4"
                        MinHeight="12"
                        IsTabStop="False"
                        Interval="50"
                        Margin="0"
                        Template="{StaticResource HorizontalIncrementTemplate}"
                        Width="12"
                        VerticalAlignment="Center" />
        </Grid>
        <Grid x:Name="HorizontalPanningRoot" MinWidth="24">
            <Border x:Name="HorizontalPanningThumb"
                    VerticalAlignment="Bottom"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                    Background="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundChromeDisabledLowBrush}"
                    BorderThickness="0"
                    Height="2"
                    MinWidth="32"
                    Margin="0,2,0,2"/>
        </Grid>
        <Grid x:Name="VerticalRoot" IsHitTestVisible="False">
            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
            <RowDefinition Height="*" />
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <Rectangle x:Name="VerticalTrackRect"
                        Grid.RowSpan="5"
                        Margin="0"
                        StrokeThickness="{ThemeResource ScrollBarTrackBorderThemeThickness}"
                        Fill="{ThemeResource SystemControlPageBackgroundChromeLowBrush}"
                        Stroke="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundTransparentBrush}" />
            <RepeatButton x:Name="VerticalSmallDecrease"
                        Height="12"
                        MinWidth="12"
                        IsTabStop="False"
                        Interval="50"
                        Margin="0"
                        Grid.Row="0"
                        Template="{StaticResource VerticalDecrementTemplate}"
                        HorizontalAlignment="Center" />
            <RepeatButton x:Name="VerticalLargeDecrease"
                        HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                        VerticalAlignment="Stretch"
                        Height="0"
                        IsTabStop="False"
                        Interval="50"
                        Grid.Row="1"
                        Template="{StaticResource RepeatButtonTemplate}" />
            <Thumb x:Name="VerticalThumb"
                        Grid.Row="2"
                        Background="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundChromeHighBrush}"
                        Template="{StaticResource VerticalThumbTemplate}"
                        Width="12"
                        MinHeight="12"
                        AutomationProperties.AccessibilityView="Raw" />
            <RepeatButton x:Name="VerticalLargeIncrease"
                        HorizontalAlignment="Stretch"
                        VerticalAlignment="Stretch"
                        IsTabStop="False"
                        Interval="50"
                        Grid.Row="3"
                        Template="{StaticResource RepeatButtonTemplate}" />
            <RepeatButton x:Name="VerticalSmallIncrease"
                        Height="12"
                        MinWidth="12"
                        IsTabStop="False"
                        Interval="50"
                        Margin="0"
                        Grid.Row="4"
                        Template="{StaticResource VerticalIncrementTemplate}"
                        HorizontalAlignment="Center" />
        </Grid>
        <Grid x:Name="VerticalPanningRoot" MinHeight="24">
            <Border x:Name="VerticalPanningThumb"
                    VerticalAlignment="Top"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                    Background="{ThemeResource SystemControlForegroundChromeDisabledLowBrush}"
                    BorderThickness="0"
                    Width="2"
                    MinHeight="32"
                    Margin="2,0,2,0"/>
        </Grid>
    </Grid>
</ControlTemplate>

In my case I only needed the two RepeatButton named HorizontalSmallDecrease and HorizontalSmallIncrease. Comment out the remaining controls (VerticalTrackRect, VerticalLargeDecrease, VerticalThumb, VerticalLargeIncrease)
For smoother scroll, modify RepeatButton’s Interval property, I set it to 5 rather than 50.

For further customisation I even created Attached Property that resizes the RepeatButton (the visibility is controlled by the ScrollBar so setting width while a hack works well.

public static class ScrollBarHelper
{
    static double InitialWidth = Double.MinValue;

    public static readonly DependencyProperty DCustomiseScrollBehaviourProperty =
    DependencyProperty.RegisterAttached("CustomiseScrollBehaviour", typeof(bool),
    typeof(ScrollBarHelper), new PropertyMetadata(false, OnCustomiseScrollBehaviourPropertyChanged));

    public static void SetCustomiseScrollBehaviour(DependencyObject d, bool value)
    {
        d.SetValue(DCustomiseScrollBehaviourProperty, value);
    }

    public static bool GetCustomiseScrollBehaviour(DependencyObject d)
    {
        return (bool)d.GetValue(DCustomiseScrollBehaviourProperty);
    }

    private static void OnCustomiseScrollBehaviourPropertyChanged(DependencyObject d,
        DependencyPropertyChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        if (!(bool)e.NewValue)
            return;

        var control = d as ScrollBar;
        if (control != null)
        {
            Observable.FromEventPattern<RoutedEventArgs>(control, "Loaded")
                .SubscribeOn(TaskPoolScheduler.Default)
                .ObserveOn(CoreDispatcherScheduler.Current)
                .Subscribe(args =>
                {
                    ProcessPosition(args.Sender);
                });

            Observable.FromEventPattern<ScrollEventArgs>(control, "Scroll")
                .Throttle(TimeSpan.FromMilliseconds(50))
                .SubscribeOn(TaskPoolScheduler.Default)
                .ObserveOn(CoreDispatcherScheduler.Current)
                .Subscribe(args =>
                {
                    ProcessPosition(args.Sender);
                });
        }
    }

    private static void ProcessPosition(object sender)
    {
        ScrollBar sb = (sender as ScrollBar);

        RepeatButton rbLeft = (RepeatButton)sb.FindDescendantByName("HorizontalSmallDecrease");
        RepeatButton rbRight = (RepeatButton)sb.FindDescendantByName("HorizontalSmallIncrease");

        if (rbLeft == null || rbRight == null)
            return;

        double pos = sb.Value;

        if (pos == 0 && InitialWidth == Double.MinValue)
        {
            InitialWidth = rbLeft.Width;
        }

        if (Math.Abs(pos - sb.Minimum) <= 15)
        {
            // hide the left scroll button
            rbLeft.Width = 0;
        }
        else if (Math.Abs(pos - sb.Maximum) <= 15)
        {
            // hide right scroll button
            rbRight.Width = 0;
        }
        else
        {
            rbLeft.Width = rbRight.Width = InitialWidth;
        }
    }
}

You could directly attached to ScrollBar’s Loaded / Scroll events but I used Reactive Extensions to throttle scroll changes as I wanted scroll experience to not degrade. The result.. not perfect but close to what I needed

Coding4Fun v2.0.9 released #wpdev #windev #winrt

Coding4Fun toolkit v2.0.9 for Windows Platform dev has been released and packages are available for download from Nuget.

This update builds additional support for Windows Runtime on Windows Phone 8.1 and Windows 8.1. Controls added to this release include

  • MetroFlow control (Windows 8.1 and WP 8.1)
  • Prompts (Toast, User, Message, Input, PasswordInput) for WP 8.1
  • BrushToBrushConverter now allows use of parameter to set output Opacity.

AppBarPrompt requires additional work the port wasn’t successful first time around. For issues there’s codeplex.

Happy coding

WinRT and application view wide Pointer event monitoring #wpdev #windev

It seems like every year I go through same technical difficulties. Last year I blogged about WinRT and pointer manipulation #win8dev #winrtdev

One of the underlying classes detects manipulation by user by means of Touch class. This class never made it to WinRT XAML and I have been messing around for a few days now… until something finally sunk in..

CoreWindow exposes following events

PointerEntered Occurs when a pointer moves into the bounding box of the Windows Store app.
PointerExited Occurs when the pointer moves outside the bounding box of the Windows Store app.
PointerMoved Occurs when a pointer moves within the bounding box of the Windows Store app.
PointerPressed Occurs when a mouse button is clicked, or a touch or pen contact is detected, within the bounding rectangle of the Windows Store app.
PointerReleased Occurs when a mouse button is released, or a touch or pen contact is lifted, within the bounding rectangle of the Windows Store app.

These events work exactly like Touch.TouchFrameReported and get bubbled up no matter which UIElement is tapped.

Time to continue porting